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International Research Laboratory (LIA) Workshop « Doing fieldwork and crossed practices in Post-Western Sociology (3) : Inequalities, mobilization and citizenship »

6 février 2017 - 10 février 2017, à l’ENS de Lyon

Organization

Organizer : CASS (Académie des Sciences sociales de Chine (CASS) “Post-Western Sociologies in China and in France”), Institute of Sociology, Beijing - International Research Laboratory (LIA) CNRS/ENS Lyon

Co-Organizer : Triangle, CNRS, ENS of Lyon

Argumentary

We already began to identify Post-Western Sociology during the creation of the LIA Post-Western Sociology in Europe and in China on november 9th and 10th 2013, with the Chinese Opening Conference at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and on january 23rd and 24th 2014, with the French Opening Conference at the ENS of Lyon.

Then, with the Beijing University Conference on october 17th, 18th and 19th 2014 (The fabric sociological knowledge), drawing on French and Chinese experiences ; the Shanghai University Conference on november 28th and 29th (Metropolis, Urban Governance and Citizenship in China and in Europe), and the ENS de Lyon Conference on june 24th, 25th, 26th 2015 (Doing Post-Western Sociology), we analyzed how a post-Western sociology has come into being a space in which sociological knowledge is emerging that is both specific and shared and in which theoretical methodologies are gathered on the basis of very different histories and traditions.

After the ENS Lyon Workshop Doing fieldwork and crossed practices in Post-Western Sociology (1) on july 18th, 19th and 20th 2016, and the CASS Workshop Doing fieldwork and crossed practices in Post-Western Sociology (2) on september 19, 20, 21th 2016, we will go on examining how research practices and sociological knowledge are constructed by analyzing the similar and different forms of field experience in Chinese and European sociology.

Here is the new and third workshop Doing fieldwork and crossed practices in Post-Western Sociology (3), during which we will focus on Inequalities, mobilization and citizenship.

In Europe like in China the wage-earning societies went through a dramatic change as the inequalities between social positions increased. Access to ressources and goods is becoming less and less common, while there are more and more people who lack resources and face the risk of the space public material poverty, while being less and less protected and cared by the welfare system. Mass unemployment, growing uncertainties in work relations and labor, the decline of institutions and the recomposition of new institutional forms, new modernity is mostly about the wavering of an actor relentlessly forced to define again and again his place and his identity. On the one hand, social, economic and ethnical inequalities keep growing, along with new forms of exploitation, reject, stigmatization and even destitution of the “weakest”. On the other hand, cultural domination, recognition denial and disrespect create situations of injustice. Exploited workers, young people facing high uncertainties, migrants, and ethnic minorities subject to racial discrimination, are all prime examples of these processes. Citizens in Europe and in China have to develop individual and collective mobilizations to access to the public space and « to be a citizen ».

Recognition demands thus increase with the rising number of conflicting socialization and recognitions situations, as the actors have to keep redefining their place and identities as citizens. As violence and sufferings become more common in public space, recognition demands are upheld disclosing structural emergencies, anomie areas, all symptoms of social, cultural and economic breaching. Many recognition policies were enabled to respond to these demands, paradoxically producing micro-segregations as the different forms which socially confirm or support the individuals are thoroughly tested. Recognition demands are indeed expressed in many different ways. Less qualified young people living in segregated neighborhoods, the long-term unemployed, unauthorized migrants, all of which upheld different recognition demands, are more or less visible or quiet in the public space. These recognition demands arise from social, economic and ethnical inequalities and the experience of disrespect, social domination and recognition denial. Demands for recognition can break into public space at any time as social movements, riots, rebellions (for example in workers’ neighbourhoods). In such instances, they force a redistribution of social and public recognition and redefine the hierarchy of identities by questioning what is “common decency” in a given society (Margalit 1999). So what about a survival’s policy ? What does it mean « to be a citizen » in contemporary societies ? How to access to public space ?

Arrangements and disjunctions between different places of knowledge production are constructed through scientific fieldwork and sociological methods. Here, this raises the issue of the development of sociological knowledge in a Post-Western conceptual space. It is thus necessary to show the similarities of uses of sociological methods in Europe - especially in France - and in China, which reveal active constructions in the circulation of knowledge.

FEBRUARY 2017 MONDAY THE 6th

PART 1 : Workshop Inequalities, mobilization and citizenship

Salle 1 place de l’école Site Monod, ENS Lyon

  • 9h30-10h : Introduction by Professor Laurence Roulleau-Berger, Research Director at CNRS and French Director of the LIA, and Zhao Kebin, Vice director at Institute of Sociology, CASS

Session 1 : Inequalities, Mobilization and Citizenship
Discussants : Liu Yuzhao, Professor of sociology at Shanghai University and Michel Kokoreff, Professor of sociology at University Paris 8

  • 10h-10h30 : Laurence Roulleau-Berger , Research Director at CNRS and French Director of the LIA : New migrants, moral boundaries and struggle for recognition in European cities
  • 10h30-11h : Shi Yunjing, Assistant Professor of sociology at CASS : State, individuals and resistances in China
  • 11h-11h30 : Agnès Deboulet, Professor of sociology at University of Paris 8 : Urban democraty and citizen’s knowledge
  • 11h30-12h : Yang Derrui, Assistant Professor of sociology at Nanjing University : Housing and education as the mechanisms of polarization in China today:an ethnographical investigation
  • 12h-13h30 : lunch
  • 13h30-14h15 : Discussion of Session 1
  • 14h15-14h45 Synthesis of Session 1 by Laurent Lardeux, Post-Ph.D.Student, Triangle
  • 14h45-15h : break

Session 2 : Collective action and struggle for justice
Discussants : Agnès Deboulet, Professor of sociology at Paris 8 and Yang Derrui, Assistant Professor of sociology at Nanjing University

  • 15hOO- 15h30 : Michel Kokoreff, Professor of sociology at University Paris 8 : From the 2005 riot’s to "Nuit debout" : fractures and transformations
  • 15h30-16h : He Rong, Professor of sociology at CASS : Borderland and Border : A Weberian Approach
  • 16h-16h30 : Valérie Sala Pala, Professor of political science at University Jean Monnet : Do riots matter ? A City after riots
  • 16h30-17h : Liu Yuzhao, Professor of sociology at Shanghai University : Social boundaries and transactions in Chinese villages
  • 17h-17h45 : Discussion
  • 17h45-18h15 : Synthesis of Session 2 by Marie Bellot, Ph.D.Student, Triangle

FEBRUARY 2017 MONDAY THE 7th

Salle 1 place de l’école Site Monod
ENS Lyon

Session 3 : Mobilizations, action and space
Discussants : Shi Yunjing, Assistant Professor of sociology at CASS and Valérie Sala Pala, Professor at University Jean Monnet

  • 9h30-10h : Samadia Sadouni, Assistant Professor in political science at IEP Lyon : Feminist Muslims and struggle for equity in South of Africa
  • 10h-10h30 : Chen Manqi, Assistant Professor of sociology at CASS : Relational mobility and migration intention
  • 10h30-11h : Loïs Bastide, Post-Doctorant in sociology at University of Geneva : Struggles for space and the social, cultural and political production of borders in Malaysia
  • 11h-11h15 : break
  • 11h15-12h : Discussion
  • 12h-12h30 : Synthesis of Session 3 by Verena Richardier, Ph D.Student at Triangle
  • 12h30-14h : lunch

PART 2 : Doing fieldwork together

Fieldwork 1 :

  • 14h30-17h : Doing exploratory fieldwork in La Guillotière with ethnic entrepreneurs
  • 20h-22h : meeting with young descendants of immigrants in La Duchère

FEBRUARY 2017 MONDAY THE 8th

Fieldwork 2 :

  • 10h-12h30 : Doing exploratory fieldwork Vénissieux with institutional and young workers
  • 12h30-14h : lunch

Fieldwork 3 :

  • 15h-18h : Doing exploratory fieldwork in La Duchère with institutional and political actors

FEBRUARY 2017 MONDAY THE 9th

Fieldwork 4 :

  • 9h30-12h :Doing exploratory fieldwork in Firminy with political actors and activists

PART 3 : Fieldwork and crossed sociological analysis


February Thursday the 9 afternoon and Friday the 10

FEBRUARY 2017 MONDAY THE 9th
Salle 1 place de l’école Site Monod
ENS Lyon

  • 14h-17h30 : Crossed analysis about interviews with institutional and political actors in Firminy, La Duchère, Vénissieux, La Guillotière

FEBRUARY 2017 MONDAY THE 10th
Salle R 253-site Descartes
Triangle ENS Lyon

  • 9h30-12h : Sociological analysis of biographies of young workers
  • 12h-13h30 : lunch
  • 13h30-15h : sociological analysis of ethnic entrepreneurs
  • 15h-15h15 : break
  • 15h15-16h45 : Conclusion : Theoritical continuities and discontinuities between Chinese and French sociological perspectives on « Inequalities, mobilization and citizehnship » by Laurence Roulleau-Berger, Liu Yuzhao and He Rong.

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