CMIRA = Coopérations et mobilités internationales Rhône-Alpes
Supervised by Laurence Roulleau-Berger, Research Director at CNRS, ENS Lyon
Supervised by Liu Yuzhao, Professor and Deputee Director of School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University LIA’s Coordinator
In France and in China labour uncertainty and instability have produced urban labour markets that reinforce social inequalities and discriminations. The transformations produce differentiated « work regimes » that affect different categories of young urban people.
In Shanghai and Beijing’s outskirts, during the last decade in transitional areas between city and countryside, disadvantaged youths have settled in recently built housing projects in which displaced youths from the city centers and the countryside already live. It is a new phenomenon of co-presence of different groups in situation of great economic vulnerability.
In the working-class neighbourhoods of Lyon, with the multiplication of social inequalities, ethnic discrimination, instability of work, young people with little qualifications are massively and violently cast away from the urban labour market or working in precarious, disqualified and dirty work. These young people in situation of social vulnerability develop socialization patterns in grey areas of economic uncertainty between center and fringes of urban employment. They are engaged in discontinuous economic socialization processes, fragmented by forced bifurcations leading either to professional integrations on the labour market or urban disaffiliation. Simultaneously, in these working-class neighbourhoods, young people create invisibilized skills repertoire in spaces of low urban legitimacy (intermediary spaces, associations, ethnic trade/shops). The issue at stake is then of the either partial, almost total, or non-translation of the skills produced in these low-legitimacy urban spaces to spaces of high economic legitimacy which produce a strong social recognition on the urban labour-markets.