Triangle and the Text Encoding Initiative (en)
Our laboratory "Triangle : Action, discourses, economic and political thought", most commonly called “Triangle”, is a multidisciplinary research unit in political science, political philosophy, history of political thought and economic thought.
From that variety of disciplines, various Digital Humanities projects emerge, some of which involving teamwork on digital editions or archives. That’s why Triangle, from its creation in 2015, has always been interested in following the TEI guidelines’ evolution and recommendations.
In 2005, Ludovic Frobert directed the edition of an annotated corpus The Echo de la Fabrique et la petite presse ouvrière lyonnaise des années 1831-1835, the first newspaper of working class demands in Lyon. The following year, two DH specialists who were working on the digital edition of L’Echo de la Fabrique, Samantha Saïdi and Carole Boulai, started a new collaboration with Mark Olsen, Assistant Director of the ARTFL Project (Division of the Humanities at the University of Chicago) with a view to using the Philologic Engine to propose advanced-search functionalities for the corpus. To do so, they were led to adapt the corpus dataset to TEI Lite.
Between 2008 and 2012, software developer Severine Gedzelman, worked on the development of a new software designed by the italianist Jean-Claude Zancarini, aiming at aligning, comparing and annotating XML-TEI texts. Thanks to this HyperMachiavel software, a parallel edition of the Machiavelli’s The Prince translations was published in 2012 under the title of The HyperPrince. A second version of the tool and the edition is now well underway.
Meanwhile, in 2011, the political scientist Anne Verjus, started preparing with Samantha Saïdi and Carole Boulai the edition of a new XML TEI corpus called Le roman des Morand, correspondance familiale sous l’Empire. Its publication with the Omeka tool provides a group of XML-TEI-encoded letters along with search functions with filters, indexes and map or timeline visualisations. Moreover this project provided our DH specialists with the opportunity to implement some TEI training courses for researchers and the creation of specific XML TEI forms adapted to the XML Oxygen author mode.
More recently, two new projects using TEI have been launched :
Gérard Klotz and Pierre-Henri Goutte, historians of economic thought, have just started to collaborate with Carole Boulai on the digital and scientific edition of the Nouvelles Éphémérides Économiques (1774-1788) an economic journal under the Ancien Régime. The corpus will be encoded in XML-TEI and published with SynopsX, a lightweight XQuery Based XML publishing framework designed by the Atelier des Humanités Numériques de l’ ENS de Lyon and built on the XML database BaseX.
In 2014, an international team started working on a new analytic and commentated edition of Francesco Guicciardini’s La Storia d’Italia, a leading work of the Italian and European historiography of the Early Modern Period. This project coordinated by Paola Moreno (The University of Liège) aims at a digital edition featuring the multiple layers of the text along with notes on the evolution of Guicciardini’s thought and language thanks to the analysis of numerous deletions, corrections, additions and re-writings done over five years throughout seven successive manuscripts.
In June 2015, a team of four Triangle members presented the work they did on the exordium of the text. Jean-Claude Zancarini and Jean-Louis Fournel contributed to its commentary, whereas Elise Leclerc and Samantha Saïdi put forward a preliminary draft of a collaborative platform editing the XML-TEI of thirteen different copies of the exordium to be found in the seven manuscripts on an adaptation of the EVT software . It enables the parallel view of the exordium’s segments and the alignment of the facsimile with three types of critical edition proposed for each folio (the diplomatico-interpretative edition, the state of the folio before Guicciardini re-writings, the state of the folio after Guicciardini re-writings).
The 2015 Conference TEI, held in Lyon next October, will be the opportunity for our laboratory to confirm our support to the Text Encoding Initiative.