/ Séminaire Sciences sociales et circulation des savoirs

Professors Han Sang-Jin and Young-Hee Shim : « Second-modern Transformation, individualization and community networks in East-Asia » (IMU theme 6)

28 avril 2014, de 14h à 17h30, à l’ENS Lyon (Sites Descartes), room F112

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Organization

This seminar is organized by the Triangle Sociologies and New Cosmopolitisms axe and the IMU labex (Theme 6).

Programm

  • 14h-14h45 : Second-Modern Transformation in East Asia : A Dialogue with Beck
    By Professor Han Sang-Jin, Seoul National University (SNU) [1].

This communication is an attempt to explore an open-ended dialogue with Ulrich Beck with respect to second modern transformation. Han Sang-Jin will attempt to explore ideas which may be useful for an ‘active’, and thus perhaps ‘strong’, dialogue, which is more penetrating than a ‘passive’ and ‘weak’ dialogue. He defines an approach to be ‘active’ if one takes full consideration of the genealogical traits of Asian culture and history. Critical of the hegemonic assumptions of the Western social theories, this approach is intended to respond to Beck’s cosmopolitan appeal while breaking away from the Euro-centric assumptions still kept alive in his theory. This approach opens up a dialogue with the West while being faithful to one’s Asian identity and paying close attention to the specific developmental pathways and their consequences. In this way, we may be able to explore whether multiple pathways of development, despite their fundamental differences, give rise to certain potentials shaping the basic direction of historical change. In this presentation, I want to discuss seven theoretical issues which include 1) the normative dimension of second modernity, 2) historical reflection, 3) tradition, 4) cosmopolitan change, 5) individualization, 6) risk governance, and 7) action theory.

This communication is aimed at investigating the concrete pathways to individualization in East Asia with a specific focus on the relationship between individuals and community networks. Young-Hee Shim argues that East Asia is distinctive by its cultural emphasis on the value of flourishing community, including the family, and therefore consider this relationship to be of paramount significance for understanding individualization. She begin by raising a question of whether the theory of individualization based on the Western tradition of individualism can be reasonably extended to East Asia. The aim of this research is then to demonstrate how individualization as a structural transformation tends to be combined with cultural traditions in multiple ways, making East Asia quite different from the West.

More specifically, Young-Hee Shim will first compare the pathways to individualization in East Asia and the West and then examine variations within Korea by formulating a clear-cut analytic framework. The study will treat individualization as a structural process of transformation significantly affected by the relationship between modernity and tradition, on the one hand, and the interaction between the push and pull factors of individualization, on the other. The push factor means a structural force compelling large numbers of people in a society to change their patterns of behavior. More often than not, this is socioeconomic in nature, whereas the pull factor is deeply associated with the cultural and discursive process of social construction. Young-Hee Shim would like to argue that individualization as a structural transformation can be adequately understood only when both the push and pull factors and hence both socioeconomic and cultural-discursive dimensions are properly understood in close interactions.

  • 15h30-15h45 : break
  • 15h45-17h30 : discussion

[1Han Sang-Jin is Professor Emeritus at Seoul National University (SNU) and currently teaches at the Department of Sociology, Beijing University as Visiting Professor. He obtained BA and MA from SNU and PhD from Southern Illinois University, USA. He lectured at Columbia University in New York, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. He served as Chairman of the Presidential Committee on Policy Planning during Kim Dae-jung administration and President of the Academy of Korean Studies. He is the author of Divided Nations and Transitional Justice, Habermas and the Korean Debate, Contemporary Society and Human Rights, Theory of the Middling Grassroots, Korea’s Third Way, and Bureaucratic Authoritarianism in Korea. He currently stays at Aix-en-Provence for an ERC project on liberalism (LIBEAC) until Mid-June 2014.

[2Young-Hee Shim is a Chair Professor at Hanyang University and currently teaches at the Law School, Peking University as Visiting Professor. She obtained BA and MA from SNU and PhD from Southern Illinois University, USA. She researched at Columbia University in New York, Peking University, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. She served as President of Korean Association of Women’s Studies and as Co-representative of Women Making Peace, an NGO, a Coordinator of Northeast Asian Region of GPPAC, and a Researcher for Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal on Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery. She is the author of Sexual Violence and Feminism in Korea, Gender politics and Women’s Policy in Korea, etc, She currently stays at Aix-en-Provence for an ERC project on liberalism (LIBEAC) until Mid-June 2014.

/ Séminaire Sciences sociales et circulation des savoirs

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