Busicchia, BrigitDoctorante en science politique à l'Université Lumière Lyon-2 et à l'Université Macquarie de Sidney
Thèse en cours
Sujet : Dimensions of Food Security Policy in Developed Economies : Australia, France and the United Kingdom in Comparative Perspective.
Directeur de thèse : Didier Chabanet
Résumé : Drawing on the literature on comparative political economy the research project explores food security in selected developed economies. The undertaking is to articulate the food policy debate in the intellectual tradition of political economy, bringing sharper focus to the central objective of this research proposal, the conceptualisation of food security policy agendas in developed economies.
It is a contribution to the understanding of the emerging policy making around the topic of food security in developed economies and more importantly to the highly contested nature of many of the solutions proposed to enhance food security and upon which adaptation measures to climate change will be built. I propose a comparative method to conduct this study. Three countries, Australia, the United Kingdom and France are chosen as contrasting cases. The research aims to ascertain the specific link between food policy trajectory and national paradigms, as it is shaped by the policy coalitions in place.
- à paraître : "Mapping Food Policy in Australia"
Different visions for the future of food have shaped how food is and will be produced, marketed and consumed. Inevitably, there has been and will be policy choices, for the state, the corporate sector and civil society. Efforts to define and analyse national food policy must seek not only to identify but also to evaluate the myriad of decisions and actions shaping the nation’s relationship to the food economy. Recent developments in food regime theory, particularly the idea of an emerging third ‘corporate’ food regime, provide a useful organising framework for understanding the restructuring of the international food system. As such, food regime analysis assists in understanding how the current corporate food regime has reorganised and redefined the modes of regulation of the Australian agricultural and trade sectors of the food economy. However, it offers limited analytical value to understand how food policy is conceptualised, implemented and regulated at the consumer end of the food supply chain. One of the paradoxes of contemporary food economy regulation is that while regulations are lightened at the production end as a result of market liberalisation, they are tightened as the consumption end of the chain. At the consumer end of the food policy agenda, the focus of policy-making revolves generally around nutrition and public health objectives and draws upon a wide range of regulatory mechanisms that to a certain extent escape the logic of liberalisation and deregulation, perhaps indicating a restructuring of the state. In this policy analysis and commentary I examine the map of the contemporary food policy landscape and ascertain to which extent Australian food policy is captive to regulatory capitalism.
- 2012 : "The Question of a Reasonable Price for Food : Policies Alternatives to Control Food Price Inflation in Developed Economies" in Quentin Farmar-Bowers, Vaughan Higgins and Jo Millar (eds), Food Security in Australia. Springer Publication.
This chapter explores a number of policy responses to food price inflation in developed economies. It focuses on previous food price crises, in particular the 2007-2008 food price crisis, and examines how governments of selected developed economies have managed the price inflation of the food basket. In particular, this chapter investigates how Australia, the United Kingdom and France have responded to the challenges of volatile international food prices and have managed to maintain stable national food prices. While food price inflation in Australia and the United Kingdom has reached in excess of 40 per cent over the last 10 years, in France it has been contained to about 20 per cent over the same period. The reluctance of liberal market economies to engage in policies that directly control food price inflation contrasts with the French hands-on approach at regulating the domestic food distribution and retailing sectors. Australia and the United Kingdom advocate that only the improvement of market efficiency will assist in controlling food price inflation rather than intervening along the supply chain. More in-depth research is required to confirm what the present work is suggesting, that is bargaining between state and the food industry contributes towards reducing the speed and magnitude at which price increases are transmitted along the supply chain to the end consumer.
Publications en ligne
sur le site The Conversation, Université de Melbourne, Australie
- 14 February 2012 – The average Australian wastes 200kg of food a year – yet two million of us go hungry. Why ?
Globally, more than 800 million people are chronically undernourished. And some of these people live in Australia. Last year alone, some two million Australians reported there have been times when they have run out of food and could not afford to buy more. The pantry of the food relief effort is a low profile outfit but its national operation uses a big business model to channel surplus food from the food industry onto welfare agencies. The article explores the reasons for the de-politicisation of hunger in Australia whilst the government nurtures ambitions to contribute to global food security initiatives.
- 22 July 2011 – Urban farmers on top of the world
Feeding large urban centres with sufficient and nutritious food is a challenge that Australia and many other countries have to face. When a Canadian company started selling fresh organic produce from its rooftop greenhouse in Montreal in April 2011, it signalled what could be the beginning of a new farming revolution.
- 27 June 2011 – Much talk but little action from G20 agriculture ministers
This is an article covering the recent G20 meeting held by Agriculture Ministers in Paris on 24 June 2011. The meeting endorsed some initiatives designed to contain agricultural prices volatility and the article explores how the market economy constrains states to act autonomously in their policy initiatives.
- 23 June 2011 – Mon Dieu ! Why is Australian food so expensive ?
This is an article exploring the reasons behind high food prices in Australia, using France as a case for comparison. The topic attracted significant readership and comments.
- 2011 : Tutor to undergraduate students – Introduction to Political Economy : Economy and Society (Université Macquarie de Sidney, Département de sociologie)
- depuis 2010 : Doctorante en économie politique (cotutelle Université de Lyon 2 et Université Macquarie de Sydney, Australie)
- 2007-2010 : Master of Policy and Applied Social Research (Université Macquarie de Sydney, Australie)
Vice-Chancellor’s Commendation for Academic Excellence