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Rebeca Gomez Betancourt participe à la conférence 2023 de la Société Européenne d’Histoire de la Pensée Économique (ESHET)

2 juin 2023, à Liège


Rebeca Gomez Betancourt, professeure de sciences économiques à l’université Lumière Lyon-2, chercheuse à Triangle, présentera :

une communication écrite avec Camila Orozco Espinel et Anthony Rebours, intitulée :
« Do feminist economists form a unified community ? A history of IAFFE presidents cognitive interactions and trajectories », dans le cadre de la session From Invisibility to Epistemological Subjects : Women in Economic Thought.

This article studies the history of feminist economics. It analyzes the intellectual and professional trajectories of 27 women who structured the field through their academic contributions and administrative responsibilities in the International Association for Feminist Economists (IAFFE). Our actors are the twenty-seven presidents of the IAFFE between 1992 and 2022 . Our corpus of analysis comprises different types of materials. First, their academic trajectories (CVs gathering and systematizing information relative to the university where they received their Ph.D., their dissertation topic, their advisers’ name, specialty, and the list of their academic and non-academic affiliations). Second, we study the landmark books and collective works in which feminist economists presented and assembled their research, creating and defining the sub-discipline. Third, using Clarivate Analytics’ Web of Science, we identify a list of 871 papers produced by these authors over the period 1966-2015 (four time-windows of ten years). The thousands of references these publications contain allow us to measure the intellectual proximity of our key authors quantitatively as expressed through their publication behavior. Section 1 describes their professional trajectory, research subjects, focus areas, and methods. Section 2 studies their academic contributions and measures the impact of feminist economics outside their field by identifying the type and discipline of the journals where the group published their work. Finally, section 3 pays attention to the way these authors cite each other and the scholars they mention most often over the different periods we explore. This article will answer questions about : how they form a community ? How did they interact ? How were their trajectories ? The idea is to go beyond the presentation of their individual trajectories and look for the trends that connect these women as a group.

Elle présentera également une communication coécrite avec Nesrine Bentemessek : « Advocacy for Central Bank Governance : Lessons from Walter Bagehot’s Lombard Street », dans le cadre de la session Central Banking.

This article discusses the proposals of Walter Bagehot (1826-1877) on the governance of the Bank of England since the Charter Act (1844). In Lombard Street, Bagehot (1873) points out the paradox of the Bank of England since its creation in 1694 and after the Peel Act in 1844 : for one hand, it is a "Joint Stock Bank" whose capital is held by private shareholders and for the other hand, it is entrusted with missions that are in the public interest : lending to the State, restructuring of public debt, holding the nation’s gold reserve and managing liquidity crises. According to Bagehot (1873), if the Bank of England succeeded in solving this paradox, it was fundamentally thanks to the establishment of corporate governance rules that he exposed and discussed in his book. The contribution of this article is to highlight Bagehot’s pioneering proposals on the principles of optimal bank governance and his examination of banks’ role in reconciling the interests of the various stakeholders of the "old lady of Threadneedle." This article adds to the history of bank governance by reading Lombard Street 150 years after its publication.

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